Name : Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak was born April 14, 1469 A.D. Daulatan, a midwife, delivered the infant Nanak from his mother Tripta Devi. His father, Kalyan Chand Das Bedi, belonged to the Hindu Katri clan.He had one elder sister, Bebe Nanaki. Guru ji's brother-in-law, the husband of his sister Nanki, obtained a job for him in Sultanpur as the manager of the government's grainary.
Guru Nanak was married to Mata Sulakhni at about 19 years of a His marriage to her took place in the town of Batala. The marriage party had come from the town of Sultanpur Lodhi. His two children Sri chand and Lakhmi Das.
The Birthplace of Guru Nanak is Nankana, a town in Pakistan, which belonged to the northern part of Punjab before partition. The town originally had been called Raipur. Before Nanak's birth the name had changed to Talwandi. After he became guru, the village became known as Nankana.
Guru ji continued to carry out the mission of his life – to lead people on the true path to God, to dispel superstition, to bring people out of ritualistic practises, to lead them directly to follow Gurbani without the need for priests and clergy, and to restrain and guard against the five thieves within – Pride, Anger, Greed, Attachment and Lust.
During his his time on Earth Guru Nanak was revered by both Hindus and Muslims and even today many, outside of the Sikh faith, revere him. It is related that as he lay dying, his followers some formerly Hindu and others formerly Muslims argued whether his body should be cremated as Hindu tradition dictated or buried as in Islamic tradition.He said: "See the brotherhood of all mankind as the highest order of Yogis; conquer your own mind, and conquer the world."
In about 1499 when the world offered low to no status or respect to women, Guru Nanak sought to improve the respect of women by spreading this message: "From woman, man is born; within woman, man is conceived; to woman he is engaged and married.
Universal message for all people
To the Muslim he said: "And when, O Nanak, he is merciful to all beings, only then shall he be called a Muslim. To the Hindu, he said "O Nanak, without the True Name, of what use is the frontal mark of the Hindus. To all preached: "To take what rightfully belongs to another is like a Muslim eating pork, or a Hindu eating beef."
The three basic guidlines
1.Naam Japna Guru ji led the Sikhs directly to practise Simran and Naam Japna – meditation on God through reciting, chanting, singing and constant remembrance followed by deep study & comprehension of God’s Name and virtues.
2.Kirat Karni He expected the Sikhs to live as honourable householders and practise Kirat Karni – To honestly earn by ones physical and mental effort while accepting both pains and pleasures as GOD's gifts and blessings.
3.The Sikhs were asked to share their wealth within the community by practising Vand Chakna – “Share and Consume together”.
Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as the successor Guru, renaming him as Guru Angad, meaning "one’s very own" or "part of you". Shortly after proclaiming Bhai Lehna as the next Guru, Nanak died on 22 September 1539 in Kartarpur, at the age of 69.